Congregation Beth Ha'Mashiach
(House of the Messiah) - Worshipping ADONAI
& His Messiah, Yeshua Ha'Mashiach
Living & teaching as our
Messiah taught us to Live
Congregation serving Northeast Atlanta Georgia (Gwinnett, Barrow, Dekalb,
554-2867 - email:
Gehinnom (g'hee-NOHM); Gehenna (g'HEHN-uh) - Non-Messianic Jews
believe this is a place of spiritual
punishment and/or purification for a period of up to 12 months after
death. Messianic Believers generally agree with the concept of
eternal punishment (Hell). Gehinnom is Hebrew; Gehenna is Yiddish.
Gemara (g'-MAHR-uh) - Commentaries on the
Mishnah. The Mishnah and Gemara together make up the Talmud.
Gematria (g'-MAH-tree-uh) -
Jewish mysticism involves finding hidden meanings in the
numerical value of words.
Get (GET) - A writ of
divorce. Also called a sefer k'ritut.
Gezeirah (g'-ZAY-ruh) - Laws instituted by
the rabbis to prevent people from unintentionally violating
Glatt Kosher - A standard of kashrut that requires an additional degree of
stringency in the inspection of the lungs of cattle, to determine
whether the lungs are free from adhesions.
Golem (GOH-luhm) - "Unformed
thing". 1) A term used in the
Talmud to describe Adam before he had a soul. 2) A creature of
Jewish folklore, a man made of clay and brought to life.
Goy - "Nation". A non-Jew, that is, a member of one of
the other nations. There is nothing inherently insulting about the
term; the word "goy" is used in the Torah to describe Israel.
Grager (GREG-er; GRAG-er) - A noisemaker used to
blot out the name of Haman during the reading of the Megillah on
Guide for the Perplexed -
Rambam's masterpiece of Jewish philosophy and theology, written
from the perspective of an Aristotelian philosopher.
Haggadah (huh-GAH-duh) -
The book read during the Passover Seder, telling the story of the
Hakafot (hah-kah-FOHT) - "Circuits".
Processions around the synagogue carrying the lulav and etrog for
the holiday of Sukkot, or carrying the Torah around the synagogue
for the holiday of Simchat Torah.
Halakhah (huh-LUHKH-khuh) - "The path that one walks". Part
of Jewish law - it is the complete body of rules and practices that
Jews are bound to follow, including biblical commandments,
commandments instituted by the rabbis, and binding customs.
These were the items of the "Law" Yeshua criticized.
Hallel - "Praise G-d".
Psalms 113-118, in praise of G-d, which are recited on certain
holidays, especially Passover. This is the song referred to
when we are told the talmidim (disciples) "sang a song and went out"
to the garden to wait for Yeshua's arrest.
Haman (HAY-men) - The villain of the
- "Haman's pockets".
Triangular, fruit-filled cookies traditionally served or given as
Ha-Shem (hah SHEM) - "The Name".
The Name of G-d, which is not pronounced by many Jewish people. The phrase "ha-Shem"
is often used as a substitute for G-d's Name. Many Messianic
Believers will pronounce the name of G-d, but only with reverence.
Hatafat Dam Brit (hah-tah-FAHT DAHM BRIT)
- A symbolic
circumcision of a male who has already been circumcised or who was
born without a foreskin. It involves taking a pinprick of blood from
the tip of the penis.
Hillel (HIL-el; hil-EL) - One of the greatest rabbis
recorded in the
Talmud. His more liberal views of Jewish law are often
contrasted with the stricter views of Shammai. Many of
Yeshua's teachings are similar to Rabbi Hillel's teachings.
Holishkes (HOH-lish-kuhs) - Cabbage leaves stuffed
with meatballs served in a tomato-based sweet and sour sauce.
Hoshanah Rabbah (hoh-SHAH-nuh RAH-buh)
- "Great hosanna".
The seventh day of
Sukkot, on which seven circuits are made around the synagogue
reciting a prayer with the refrain, "Hosha na!" (please save us!).
Isaac - Son and spiritual heir
Abraham. Father of
Jacob (Israel). One of the three
Patriarchs of Judaism.
Ishmael - Firstborn son of
Abraham by Sarah's Egyptian maidservant, Hagar. According to
both Muslim and Jewish faith's, he is the ancestor of the Arabs.
Israel - 1) The land that G-d
Abraham and his descendants. 2) The northern kingdom that was
home to the "ten lost tribes." 3) Alternate name for
Jacob. 4) A country in the Middle East located in the ancient
homeland that has a predominantly Jewish population and government.
Believers in Messiah Yeshua are grafted into spiritual Israel, not
replacing the natural born (Hebrews), but made part of.
Issachar- 1) Son of
Jacob (Israel). Ancestor of one of the tribes of Israel; 2) The
tribe that bears his name.
Iyar - The second month of
the Jewish year, occurring in April/May.