MAN-NA - Messianic
Alliance of North America
Messianic Congregation located
in Metro Atlanta serving Snellville, Lawrenceville, Loganville, Georgia
Glossary of Messianic / Jewish Terms
- D Calendar - Judaism uses a
lunar/solar calendar consisting of months that begin at the new
moon. Each year has 12 or 13 months, to keep it in sync with the
Caro, Rabbi Joseph - Author of the Shulchan
Arukh, the last of the great medieval codes of Jewish law, and one
of the most respected compilations of Jewish law ever written.
C.E. - Common Era. Used instead of A.D.
by non-Messianic Jews.
Chag Sameach - Hebrew -
joyous festival. A greeting for any holiday, but especially Sukkot, Shavu'ot and Pesach (Passover).
Chai - Lit. living or life.
The word is often used as a design on jewelry and other ornaments.
Challah - sweet, slightly
heavier eggy, yellow
bread, braided, served on Shabbat and holidays.
Chametz - Leaven. Leavened
grain products may not be owned or consumed during Passover.
Chanukkah - Lit. dedication. An
eight day holiday celebrating the rededication of the Temple in
Jerusalem after it was defiled by the Selucid Greeks.
Chanukkat Ha-Bayit - Dedication of the
house. A ceremony dedicating a Jewish household, during which
the mezuzah is affixed to the doorposts. The procedure and prayers
for affixing the mezuzah is available.
Chanukkiah - 9 branched Chanukkah menorah.
Charoset - A mixture of fruit,
wine and nuts eaten at Passover to symbolize mortar used
by the Jewish slaves in Egypt.
Chasidism ; Chasidic -
"pious ones", A branch of Orthodox Judaism that maintains a
lifestyle separate from the non-Jewish world.
Chatat - sin offering to atone for and expiate unintentional sins.
Chazzan - Person who leads
the congregation in prayer - Cantor.
Chelev - fat surrounding
to be eaten under the laws of Kashrut.
Chillul Ha-Shem - Profaning of
the Name. Causing G-d or Judaism to come into disrespect, or causing
a person to violate a commandment.
Chumash - Five. A
compilation of the first five books of the Bible and readings from
the prophets, organized in the order of the weekly Torah portions.
Chuppah - The wedding canopy,
symbolic of the groom's home, under which the nisuin portion of the
wedding ceremony is performed.
Commandments - Judaism
teaches that G-d gave the Jews 613 commandments, which are binding
on Jews but not on non-Jews.
Conservative - One of the major
movements of Judaism, accepting the binding nature of Jewish law but
believing that the law can change.
Counting of the Omer - The counting of the
days between Passover and Shavu'ot.
Dagesh - A dot found in the
center of some Hebrew letters in pointed text, used as an aid to
Dan - 1) Son of
Jacob (Israel). Ancestor of one of the tribes of Israel; 2) The
tribe that bears his name.
Daven - Pray (Yiddish).
Observant Jews daven three times a day, in addition to reciting
blessings over many common activities.
Days of Awe - Ten days from
Rosh Hashanah to
Yom Kippur, a time for introspection and considering the sins of
the previous year.
Diaspora - Any place outside of
land of Israel where Jews live. Refers to the Jews
were dispersed from the land of Israel by the Romans after the last
Dreidel - toy
resembling a top, used to
play a traditional
Minha / Ma'ariv 4:30 pm
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